Why Abortion Should Be Legal: Protecting Women’s Rights and Ensuring Safety

Abortion has long been a contentious issue, sparking debates around the world. It involves the termination of a pregnancy and has far-reaching implications for women’s rights, health, and autonomy. While opinions on abortion vary, there are compelling reasons why it should be made legal. This article delves into the key arguments supporting the legalization of abortion, emphasizing the importance of women’s rights, safety, and well-being.

The Right to Choose: Women’s Autonomy and Reproductive Freedom

One of the fundamental reasons why abortion should be legal is the recognition of women’s right to choose what happens to their bodies. Each woman should have the freedom to make decisions about her own reproductive health without fear of legal consequences. By legalizing abortion, society acknowledges and respects women’s autonomy, allowing them to determine the course of their lives and make choices that align with their personal circumstances.

Protecting Women’s Health: Ensuring Access to Safe Abortions

Another crucial aspect to consider when advocating for the legalization of abortion is the need to safeguard women’s health. When abortion is illegal or heavily restricted, women often resort to unsafe and clandestine procedures that put their lives at risk. The World Health Organization estimates that 25 million unsafe abortions occur each year, leading to approximately 7 million complications and 22,800 deaths (WHO).

Legalizing abortion allows for regulated and safe procedures, reducing the incidence of complications and mortality. By providing access to professional healthcare providers, women can undergo abortions in a controlled environment, minimizing the potential risks associated with unsafe practices. It is essential to prioritize women’s health and well-being by ensuring they have the option to seek safe and legal abortions.

Addressing Unplanned Pregnancies: A Solution for Women’s Choice

Unplanned pregnancies are a reality that women face, and legalizing abortion acknowledges the need for a solution that respects their choices. Not every woman is ready or willing to become a parent, and forcing them to continue an unwanted pregnancy can have significant consequences. By providing the option of abortion, women can make decisions that align with their personal circumstances, aspirations, and responsibilities.

Becoming a parent is a lifelong commitment that requires emotional, financial, and social resources. Forcing women to bear unwanted children can result in adverse outcomes for both the mother and the child. It may lead to strained relationships, financial hardships, and the potential for neglect or abuse. By legalizing abortion, society recognizes the importance of allowing women the freedom to choose when and if they are ready to become mothers.

Protecting Women’s Mental Health: Compassion and Empathy

The impact of unwanted pregnancies on women’s mental health cannot be overlooked. Some women may face emotional distress, anxiety, or depression when faced with an unplanned pregnancy. Legalizing abortion ensures that women have access to the necessary support and resources to make informed decisions about their mental well-being.

Research has shown that denying women access to abortions can lead to adverse mental health outcomes. A study conducted by the University of California, San Francisco, found that women who were denied abortions were more likely to experience anxiety, lower self-esteem, and lower life satisfaction compared to those who had access to the procedure (Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health).

By legalizing abortion and providing comprehensive reproductive healthcare, society can promote the mental well-being of women, ensuring they have the necessary support to navigate through life’s challenges.

Addressing Cases of Rape and Incest: Compassion and Empathy

Abortion should be legal to provide compassion and support to victims of rape and incest. These traumatic experiences can have long-lasting physical, emotional, and psychological consequences for women. Forcing a woman to carry a pregnancy resulting from such horrific circumstances can compound the trauma and hinder the healing process.

Legalizing abortion allows for the option to terminate pregnancies resulting from rape or incest, giving women the opportunity to reclaim their lives and move forward. It empowers them to make decisions that prioritize their well-being and recovery, rather than being forced into a situation that perpetuates their suffering.

Protecting Women’s Rights: Equality and Justice

Legalizing abortion is a matter of upholding women’s rights and ensuring equality in society. Denying women the right to make decisions about their reproductive health perpetuates gender inequality and denies them the same autonomy and freedom afforded to men. It is essential to recognize that women’s rights extend to their reproductive choices and that they should be treated as equal members of society.

By legalizing abortion, society affirms its commitment to justice and equality, allowing women to exercise the same rights and freedoms as their male counterparts. It is a step towards dismantling patriarchal structures and creating a more inclusive and equitable society.

Preventing Unsafe Practices: Mitigating Health Risks

The criminalization of abortion does not eliminate the demand for the procedure. Instead, it drives women to seek unsafe alternatives, putting their lives and health in jeopardy. Unsafe abortions often involve untrained providers, unsanitary conditions, and harmful practices that result in complications and even death.

Legalizing abortion mitigates these health risks by providing access to regulated healthcare facilities and trained professionals. It ensures that women can access safe and hygienic procedures that minimize the potential for harm. By removing legal barriers, society can prioritize the well-being of women and protect them from the dangers associated with unsafe abortions.

Learning from International Examples: Successful Legal Precedents

Many countries around the world have successfully legalized abortion and implemented regulations that protect women’s rights and ensure their safety. Examining these international examples can provide valuable insights into the positive impact of legalizing abortion.

For instance, countries like Canada, the Netherlands, and Australia have comprehensive legal frameworks that allow for safe and accessible abortions. These countries prioritize women’s health, autonomy, and well-being while ensuring that procedures are carried out by qualified healthcare professionals within a regulated environment.

By learning from these successful precedents, societies can develop comprehensive legal frameworks that prioritize women’s rights and safety, ensuring that they have access to the care they need.


Legalizing abortion is a crucial step in protecting women’s rights, promoting their health and well-being, and ensuring equality and justice in society. By recognizing women’s autonomy and their right to make decisions about their own bodies, society can create an environment that supports their choices and respects their reproductive freedom.

Moreover, legalizing abortion allows for the provision of safe and regulated healthcare services, reducing the risks associated with unsafe practices. It acknowledges the unique circumstances women face and provides compassionate solutions for unplanned pregnancies, cases of rape and incest, and situations where continuing a pregnancy poses significant physical or mental health risks.

By learning from successful international examples and prioritizing women’s rights and safety, societies can progress towards a more inclusive and equitable future. Legalizing abortion is not just a matter of legislation; it is a matter of compassion, empathy, and respect for women’s autonomy and well-being.